Aug 24 – 28, 2020
US/Pacific timezone

Untrusted/External devices management

Aug 26, 2020, 8:15 AM
Microconference2/Virtual-Room (LPC Virtual)


LPC Virtual

LPC Microconference (Closed) VFIO/IOMMU/PCI MC


Mr Rajat Jain (Google)


Location v/s Trust

  • Currently firmware can mark ports as external-facing (and thus indicates any devices downstream that port are external). PCI & IOMMU subsystem treats external devices as untrusted (ATS is not allowed, sets up bounce buffers, and uses "strict" iommu).

  • We should separate "Location" from "Trust". (Not all internal devices may be trustworthy).

  • Location of a device should be exposed to the user space as a read only property. (E.g. use case: user may want to keep statistics about external devices plugged, and differentiate it from internal devices).

  • It is OK if we want to treat external devices as untrusted (as current). But we should expose the pci_dev->untrusted property of the device to userspace (to allow it to implement any special policies it may want to implement for untrusted devices).

  • Ideally userspace should also be able to change the pdev->untrusted attribute (i.e. be able to choose which devices to treat as trusted vs untrusted). This is a harder problem to solve as pdev->untrusted is used in the boot path by IOMMU code (i.e. before userspace comes up).

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Primary author

Mr Rajat Jain (Google)

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